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Vision Problems and Aging

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Updated May 28, 2007

Eye Anatomy

Eye Anatomy

ADAM Medical Encyclopedia

Vision and Aging Problems

As you age, your eyes change. Certain parts of the eyes become less elastic, which impacts how well you can focus at close range. Cells may clump, causing floaters. These and other changes are a natural part of aging. This is a list of some common vision problems that happen along with aging. This list does not include age-related eye diseases and disorders.
  • Reading the Fine Print: The loss of being able to see close objects is a normal part of aging. This is known as presbyopia. It is thought to be caused by a loss of elasticity of the lens of the eye. Simple and inexpensive reading glasses can help.
  • Floaters: When you are in a bright room, you may notice little specks that seem to float across your eye. These are actually small clumps of cells in the vitreous fluid that fills the eye. Floaters occur naturally with age and are harmless. If you notice an increase or change in floaters or see floaters along with bright flashes, see an eye doctor promptly.
  • Tearing: With age, the eyes become more sensitive to wind and light. You may find yourself tearing very easily. Dry eyes are one cause of increased tearing. To reduce tearing, start by protecting your eyes - wear sunglasses to reduce glare and protect your eyes from the wind. If your tearing becomes a problem, see your eye doctor; you could have a blocked tear duct or other problem.

    Sources:

    National Institute of Aging. Aging and Your Eyes. Bound for Your Good Health. Pages 69-72.

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