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Types of High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure is classified into several types including: pre-hypertension, essential, secondary, stage one and stage two.

Types of High Blood Pressure
Find out more about the different types of high blood pressure including essential, secondary, white coat, isolated systolic, labile and malignant.

Pregnancy and High Blood Pressure
Several types of high blood pressure can occur during pregnancy. These types include chronic hypertension, gestational hypertension and preeclampsia.

Essential Hypertension
Esssential hypertension is a type of high blood pressure with no known cause.

Secondary Hypertension
Secondary high blood pressure is caused by another health condition. Damaged kidney tissue (most common), certain tumors, thyroid problems and other conditions can cause high blood pressure. Once first medical condition is treated, the blood pressure usually returns to normal.

White Coat Hypertension
Stress and anxiety can raise blood pressure. If a person is anxious about a visit to the doctor, his or her blood pressure may read higher than normal. Accurate measuring of blood pressure is important and can be done at home to avoid a misdiagnoses.

Isolated Systolic Hypertension
Isolated systolic hypertension most often occurs in the elderly and is caused by the hardening of the arteries (arteriosclerosis). Because the arteries are harder, they do not expand as much when the heart pumps. This hardening leads to an elevation of the systolic blood pressure with the diastolic pressure remaining normal. In people over the age of 65 with high blood pressure, about 70% have this type.

Labile Hypertension
Some people’s blood pressure changes often and repeatedly due. These people can have high blood pressure due to emotional stress. Symptoms may include headaches and ringing in the ears. Treatment using blood pressure medication isn’t always effective. Doctors sometime prescribe anti-anxiety medications instead. People going through stressful situations should monitor their blood pressure in case stress-induced high blood pressure develops.

Malignant Hypertension
Malignant hypertension is rare but very serious. Blood pressure levels can rise very quickly. There is a danger of stroke and usually the person has severe symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, or even seizures. This type of high blood pressure calls for immediate hospitalization.

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