What is Turmeric?
Turmeric is a ginger-like plant whose roots are gathered, dried and made into a spice for it’s flavor and health benefits. The scientific name of turmeric is Curcuma longa. It is a popular spice in many Indian and Asian dishes and a critical ingredient of curry. The turmeric spice found in grocery stores is the boiled, dried and powdered root of the turmeric plant (picture the ginger you see in the grocery store). Turmeric has a distinct yellow color and can stain clothes (sometimes it is even used as a dye or as food coloring.
Personally, I love the way it tastes, especially on well-prepared Indian food (but be carefully, some of that delicious food can be high fat). If you are eating more turmeric because of the health claims being reported (see below), be sure that you are using real turmeric in your cooking and not a curry mix. Most of those mixes do not contain enough turmeric.
Nutritional Properties of TurmericThe most interesting nutrient in turmeric is curcumin. This is the nutrient that has received attention in the media because researchers are interested in curcumin’s possibilities in fighting cancer and Alzheimer’s disease. Conclusive research on curcumin hasn’t happened yet, but there is a lot of potential. The curcumin in turmeric is thought to work because it is a strong anti-inflammatory agent.
Apart from curcumin, turmeric contains high levels of iron and manganese and moderate levels of vitamin B6 and potassium -– all vitamins and minerals that are part of a healthy, balanced diet (but nothing so great as to take turmeric just for these vitamins/minerals).
Turmeric SupplementsYou might find turmeric in health foods stores. I have seen turmeric tea (whose label claims it is popular in Okinawa where the people live longer than anywhere else in the world). You might also find turmeric pills as a health enhancer.
Turmeric Health ClaimsA long list of health conditions are claimed to be helped by turmeric. Many of these are currently under research and conclusions have not been drawn yet. Here is a brief list of the conditions:
- Irritable Bowel Syndrome
- Cancer Prevention
- Cancer Growth Restriction
- Alzheimer’s Disease
- Cystic Fibrosis
- Prevent Heart Disease
- Lowers cholesterol
Should I Eat More Turmeric?Sure, it is a delicious spice used in much of the world’s cooking. Eaten regularly, it is possible that you will get enough curcumin to lower your risk of some age-related illnesses. Be sure that your foods is prepared in a healthy way and that there is plenty of turmeric used in the preparation.
Must Reads:Tips for cooking with turmeric and turmeric recipes.
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Source: World’s Healthiest Foods. Turmeric . George Mateljan Foundation.
World’s Healthiest Foods. Turmeric . George Mateljan Foundation.